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:: Volume 3, Issue 9 (Spring 2021) ::
Child Rights 2021, 3(9): 17-33 Back to browse issues page
The Rights of Children with Disabilities in Iran: An Analysis of Determining Areas
Maryam Sha’ban
Faculty of Social Sciences, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (242 Views)
Background and Aim: The present study seeks to identify, interpret and analyze the rights of children with disabilities in Iran. In this regard, the decisive fields of jurisprudence and law have been identified and analyzed at the domestic and international level.
Method: The research approach is qualitative and the research method is exploratory and documentary analysis. After identifying the documents related to the subject and issue of the research, they have been studied, analyzed and reviewed.
Results: The results of the research show that at the international level and the Islamic Covenant on the Rights of the Child and in the internal laws and regulations of the Iranian society, the society and the political power structure are responsible for formulating and implementing protective policies for disabled children and these policies are also aimed at reducing harm, rehabilitating and Treatment of the disabled. In fact, they are considered a "posteriori strategy" towards the disabled. But in the religion of Islam, centered on Shiism as the dominant religion in Iran, dealing with the child is about potentially being a child, not actually being a child; This means that the children of future generations are considered and "foreseeable" in the current generation. It is as if the scope of childhood includes history and generations and is a "transhistorical" and “trans-generational" issue. Islam has emphasized on the "future and posterity" and respecting the potential rights of the next generations and has a "preventive" approach.  
Conclusion: The dominant strategy of the teachings of Islam in relation to children with disabilities can be inferred as "a priori and a posteriori strategy". In addition to the governing authority, community activists are responsible for the realization of plans related to this strategy for disabled children.

Please cite this article as:
Sha’ban M. The Rights of Children with Disabilities in Iran: An Analysis of Determining Areas. Child Rights Journal. 2021; 3(9): 17-33.
Keywords: Children with Disabilities, Children's Rights, Laws and Regulations, the Islamic World, the International Community
Full-Text [PDF 778 kb]   (104 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article |
Received: 2020/11/10 | Accepted: 2021/05/13
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Sha’ban M. The Rights of Children with Disabilities in Iran: An Analysis of Determining Areas. Child Rights 2021; 3 (9) :17-33
URL: http://childrightsjournal.ir/article-1-28-en.html

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Volume 3, Issue 9 (Spring 2021) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه حقوق کودک Child Rights Journal
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