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:: Volume 5, Issue 17 (spring 2023) ::
Child Rights 2023, 5(17): 15-31 Back to browse issues page
A Review of Studies of Working Children in Iran
Mina Salehi
Jahad Daneshgahi, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (570 Views)
Background and Aim: Since until now, despite the attention and studies regarding the phenomenon of "working children", their condition has not improved, in this research, we intend to recover the strengths and weaknesses of the researches and make suggestions with a qualitative approach and with a systematic review method of the studies that have been written so far in this field. We should evaluate the application presented by them in order to determine how much they have been effective in improving the condition of working children and finally provide practical suggestions.
Method: For this purpose, after searching the databases and finding studies related to the subject of working children, 20 study titles were included in the systematic review process.
Results: The results show: 1. With the passage of time, the problem of working children has increased and this issue has become more critical; 2. The most root cause of parents' tendency to force their children to work is economic poverty; 3. In Iranian laws, there are enough laws to protect children. But the implementation of the laws has not been achieved in practice; 4. The role of the private sector and non-governmental organizations in communicating with working children, informing families and providing financial support to families is very prominent.
Conclusion: Summarizing the results of the research and the presented solutions show that the measures to solve the problem of working children are divided into two categories: First, the structural and macro measures that are only in the area of the responsibilities of the public sector and so far have not been successful in fulfilling these responsibilities, and even the executive guarantee for the laws They have not considered the approvals and this issue has made the laws in this field ineffective. Second, measures related to the middle and small levels, which the private sector has been very active in this field so far and have achieved success. Finally, the public sector should put more effort in creating macroeconomic and regional infrastructures and monitoring the correct implementation of child labor laws. In dynamic Islamic jurisprudence, the laws related to guardianship and guardianship of children by fathers should be reviewed and the powers of guardians should be limited.
Please cite this article as:
Salehi M. A Review of Studies of Working Children in Iran. Child Rights Journal. 2023; 5(17): 15-31.
Keywords: Working Children, Exploitation, Child Work, Economic and Cultural Poverty of the Family, Systematic Review
Full-Text [PDF 470 kb]   (115 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: General
Received: 2022/11/24 | Accepted: 2023/01/1
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Salehi M. A Review of Studies of Working Children in Iran. Child Rights 2023; 5 (17) :15-31
URL: http://childrightsjournal.ir/article-1-142-en.html


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Volume 5, Issue 17 (spring 2023) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه حقوق کودک Child Rights Journal
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